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Winter Safety Tips If You Have Parkinson’s Disease

You don’t have to have Parkinson’s to slip and fall, but if you have PD, it is more likely, especially in winter, that you need to take extra precautions. If you live in a cold or icy climate there are even more considerations to take into account. In winter it gets darker earlier, the weather can be cold and general outdoor conditions can change suddenly, and be more hazardous.

Increased risk of falling

People with Parkinson’s have an increased risk of falling. Dyskinesia (abnormal or impairment of voluntary movement), unstable gait, blurry vision or difficulty with depth perception can all contribute to unsteadiness.1 The motor symptoms associated with PD can be affected by weather, disease progression, age, medication (increased levodopa dosage), and cognitive or sleep disturbances. In the winter these can be exacerbated.

Holiday pitfalls

At holiday time so many of us feel under increased stress.2 Schedules are full, there are many social obligations, and routines are subject to change. For people with PD, staying on routine is so important. Changes in diet to enjoy holiday goodies or have a celebratory drink, and extra travel can trigger flare-ups in PD symptoms.


Many people with Parkinson’s disease can continue to drive safely.3-5 However, risks can increase during the winter months.5 Sudden changes in weather, wind, and darkness can affect your ability to get around. If you have vision problems in low light then plan winter driving to be home by mid-afternoon. If you must drive, try to eliminate distractions. Avoid driving after dusk, take familiar routes and stay off the phone. Keep an emergency kit in your car which includes water, a blanket, cereal or protein bars, and flares.

A good guideline is if conditions are such that you might slip or fall if walking, do not drive. Ask for assistance. Rideshare or public transportation can be good options. Car-pooling to work or for other activities can be seasonal instead of daily or weekly. You can do your share of the driving during the warmer months which have extended daylight.

Winter blues

People with PD are naturally at risk for depression.1,2,5 Decreased light can also lead to seasonal affective disorder. If you experience a change in thoughts, mood or behavior don’t hesitate to reach out to your medical team to talk it through. They might have recommendations for support and a possible change or adjustment in medications. Isolation is also a risk factor for people with PD. Travel conditions can make it hard to get around, but make sure to try to keep up regular activities throughout the winter.

Take Precautions

Prepare your home and car, and get into the winter mindset to make life easier.2,6 Exercise is important for people with Parkinson’s. If you usually walk outside, the winter is a good time to try exercising indoors. When going out, wear shoes with good traction and allow yourself extra time to get where you need to go.

Extra help

Consider using a walking aid, a cane, a rollator or walker to help balance.5
Rearrange furniture in your office or home to minimize the challenges of walking around when it is dark. Get someone to help clear walkways of snow and ice.

Emergency Preparedness

Always have extra food, water, and medications on hand during the winter months.1,2,6 Electricity can go out so it’s good to have back up. A generator or extra batteries can help, if feasible and helpful in your situation. Always keep your mobile phone charged, and flashlights in locations that are easy to remember. Another tip is to write essential things down on paper, so as not to rely on a smartphone or computer in case there is no power. These could include medications you take, phone numbers for a doctor’s office, and neighbors who can assist in an emergency.

Remember that during a winter storm, you may need to be self-sufficient for temporary periods while needed assistance is on the way. A good plan is the best tip of all because it will help you remain calm when forces of nature interfere with normal routines.

Remember your routine: take your medication, exercise, and eat right to help you stay safe.

  1. Wallis, A. Tips for Daily Living: Preparing for Winter with Parkinson’s Disease. Available at: Accessed 12.3.18
  2. Ryerson, N. 10 Tips for a Healthy Winter with Parkinson’s Disease. Available at: Accessed 12.3.18.
  3. Driving. Available at: Accessed 11.3.18.
  4. Be Prepared for Winter Driving. Available at: Accessed 11.4.18.
  5. Reducing Fall Risk with Parkinson’s. Available at: Accessed 11.3.18.
  6. Be Prepared to Stay Safe and Healthy in Winter. Available at: Accessed 11.4.18.


  • Dan Glass moderator
    1 month ago

    As my Parkinson’s increases, I find that 3 of the things I used for hiking help me. One is my boots, which alleviate some of my dystonia. My trekking poles provide balance and oomph on inclines, but as my PD increases, I know they’ll be my first cane. For winter, hikers use yaktrax on the bottoms of boots for grip. Stay away for microspikes unless you’re walking on a frozen lake. 1/2 inch spikes are too much. The yaktrax are cheaper and casual use. They can protect anyone.

    Thanks for the tips on winter blues. This is definitely something we all need to know more about.

    Great article.

  • DavidStone
    10 months ago

    Negotiating ice covered driveways, parking lots and especially sidewalks are particularly difficult in winter for those of us living in the ‘frozen’ north (it’s 13 degrees here in east-central PA as I write this.

    One thing that we need to pay attention to are the soles of the shoes/boots we wear.

  • DavidStone
    10 months ago

    Sorry, got interrupted and my post got posted before it was completed.

    If you live in an area where ice and snow is an occasional visitor, think about consulting a local sporting goods establishment that specializes in either winter sports or hunting and fishing. Seek out a salesperson familiar with winter sports and/or hunting and explain your situation and specific needs.

    Usually, you will encounter a salesperson who is not only knowledgeable, but also interested in helping you address your special needs. If they start talking about traction vs. temperature, you are definitely in the right place.

    Be prepared to sacrifice style and convenience for safety and confidence. On the good news side, many of the new boots haves laces in the front that are used to “fit” the boot to your foot. Once this is done, a side zipper is used to put on or take off your new weather-appropriate footware on a daily basis.

    BTW, think about temperature appropriate socks as well. Either bring your own or be prepared to buy a pair before trying on any prospective winter footwear.

    Also, if you routinely use a cane to assist with balance issues, consider trying a ‘hiking’ stick. The additional length provides better balance and stability on slippery surfaces or, especially, in snow. Commercial walking sticks are available online with removable rubber tips that reveal a short pointed steel tip that penetrates ice. Be aware that airport security will not be very understanding about this feature. Fortunately, the tip can be usually be unscrewed from the stick and placed in your checked luggage if needed at your destination.

    While you might look less than elegant in your new winter footwear, take solace that you would look much worse exercising your new replacement knee/hip in a hospital corridor sporting one of those backless gowns!

    Stay safe this winter!


  • Chris H. moderator
    10 months ago

    Love these tips, @davidstone. Really appreciate you taking the time to share them with everyone here. Stay warm! – Chris, Team

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